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Timeline: 1664-1775

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A New Light "Infestation": Charles Woodmason on Colonial Piedmont Religion Commentary

North Carolinians do not think of the present-day and economically thriving Piedmont as an ignorant backcountry that undermines social order.  But in the eastern part of the Province of North Carolina during the Pre-Revolutionary Period (1750-1775) many believed it was exactly that.

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Act Concerning Marriages (1669) Encyclopedia

Settlers wishing to marry soon experienced a problem: only ministers of the Church of England were entitled to perform the rite of marriage and few visited or settled in Carolina.  As a result, the Assembly of Albemarle in 1669 discussed the need to authorize civil officers to perform marriage ceremonies.

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Affirmations Encyclopedia

Affirmations are statements made in lieu of oaths by people who have conscientious scruples against taking oaths. Under modern North Carolina law, this means saying “solemnly affirm” instead of “solemnly swear,” and avoiding any invocation of God in support of one’s statement (North Carolina General Statues 11-1 and 11-4).  Starting its colonial history with a de facto freedom to affirm instead of swear, North Carolina returned to a more restrictive position based on English law, then extended affirmation privileges to certain Protestant groups, and ultimately made affirmations available to anyone with objections to oaths.

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Battle of Alamance Encyclopedia

On a field in Piedmont North Carolina, Regulators clashed with North Carolina militia on May 16, 1771.  As time would tell, the Battle of Alamance and the swift execution of certain Regulators ended the Regulator movement in Piedmont North Carolina. Yet a distrust of a far, away power remained

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1771 Alamance: The First Battle of Our American Revolution Commentary

The "shot heard round the world" and the one that started the American Revolution, many argue, occurred at Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts in 1775.  Independent historian Bill Price II argues that the first shots were actually on a Piedmont field in 1771 during the Regulator Rebellion.

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Nathaniel Alexander (1756-1808) Encyclopedia

A surgeon and Revolutionary War Patriot, Alexander was a Jeffersonian who incorporated Federalist policy into his politics.  He championed internal improvements and played an instrumental role in the repeal of the Court Act of 1806, thereby allowing each county to have a court.  Charlotte Motor Speedway sits on what was his homestead.

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Philip Alston Encyclopedia

Philip Alston, the original owner of the House in the Horseshoe, led a life surrounded by controversy and later mystery. Alston’s attempts at political advancement plunged him into a bitter rivalry that marred his reputation.

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American Revenue Act Encyclopedia

After the French and Indian War (also known as The Seven Years War) ended in 1763, Great Britain essentially stopped the period of salutary neglect by increasing regulation over the American colonies. The passage of the American Revenue Act demonstrates how the empire tightened its regulatory grip on the American economic activities.

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Anson County (1750) Encyclopedia

Known for its bucolic setting and an extensive history, Anson County, tucked away in the south-central Piedmont region, is one of North Carolina’s oldest and most important counties.

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A Missionary of English Civilization to the Piedmont: Backcountry Religion and One Manís Perspective Lesson Plan

During the mid-1700s, the North Carolina backcountry (now known as the Piedmont) was much different than Eastern North Carolina.  Anglican itinerant Charles Woodmason of Charleston, South Carolina, “a missionary of English civilization,” went to the backcountry to convert Piedmont farmers and bring stability and order to a region where religious dissidents lived.  This lesson plan includes four selections from Woodmason's sermons and reports, a reading worksheet, and discussion questions for advanced students.

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William Bartram (1739 - 1823) Encyclopedia

Similar to the earlier, explorer-naturalist John Lawson, William Bartram traveled and detailed most his 1770s trek throughout the southern colonial wilderness and what would become known as North Carolina. His descriptive Travels through North and South Carolina, Georgia, East and West Florida was published in 1791.  The account became an important account of the early American South.  Born in 1739, Bartram died in Bladen County in 1823.

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Bertie County (1722) Encyclopedia

Bertie County, established in 1722 from a section of the Chowan precinct, is located in the northeastern part of North Carolina.  A county of rich soil and numerous waterways, Bertie was once inhabited by the Tuscarora. Nathaniel Batts was the first white European to traverse modern-day Bertie, and the Batts House remains a testament to his settlement.

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Bessemer City Encyclopedia

In the mid-1700s, Europeans looking for arable land started settling in modern-day Gaston County.  Many arrived with land grants from King George II (1683-1760) or migrated from other colonies, such as Pennsylvania and Maryland.  The area’s natural resources attracted skilled laborers, such as miners, lumberjacks, and farmers.

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Timothy Bloodworth (1736-1814) Encyclopedia

Timothy Bloodworth was an influential Patriot, Anti-Federalist, and Democratic-Republican.  Without the advantages of great wealth, a prominent family, or a prestigious education, Bloodworth typified a new generation of working-class politicians during and after the American Revolution, and his ambition, ability, and likable personality made him one of North Carolina’s most durable politicians.

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Thomas Blount (1759 - 1812) Encyclopedia

Born at Blount Hall on May 10, 1759, Thomas Blount served during the Revolutionary War and he was captured and sent to England during the conflict. After the war, Blount became a trader in Edgecombe County. Blount served in the 3rd, 4th, 5th, 9th, 10th, and 12th U.S. Congresses as a North Carolina representative.

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