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Entries written by: Dr. Troy L. Kickler

Troy Kickler has been Director of the North Carolina History Project since August 2005. He holds an M.S. in Social Studies Education from North Carolina A&T State University and a Ph.D. in history from the University of Tennessee. His specialty areas are nineteenth-century U.S., Civil War and Reconstruction, African American, and religious history.

A recipient of numerous research awards and study grants, Kickler has taught at the secondary and post-secondary levels, including formerly at the University of Tennessee and Central Carolina Community College and currently at North Carolina State University.

A recipient of an Earhart Foundation research grant, Kickler is currently co-editor of Nathaniel Macon: Collected Letters and Speeches. He is also writing Black Children and Northern Missionaries, Southern Conservatives, Freedmen’s Bureau Agents, and Freedmen in Reconstruction Tennessee, 1865-1869.

He has served as editorial assistant for the Journal of East Tennessee History and has written articles and reviews for such publications as American Diplomacy, Carolina Journal, Chronicles, H-Civil War, Journal of Mississippi History, Tennessee Baptist History, Tennessee Historical Quarterly, and The Journal of the North Carolina Association of Historians. He has also contributed to the upcomingExploring American History: From Colonial Times to 1877Encyclopedia of American Environmental History; and The Old West: Yesterday and Today.

Showing results: 41 to 50 out of 135

Exploration in North Carolina (Spanish) Encyclopedia

Sixty years before England established settlements on the North Carolina coast, the Spanish had explored the land, interacted with Native Americans, and constructed forts.  The Spanish effort to claim the land eventually failed, and by the late 1580s, England had only to battle the Indians for control of the land.

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Fayetteville and Western Plank Road Encyclopedia

“The longest and most noted of the plank roads constructed in North Carolina,” the Fayetteville and Western Plank Road stretched 129 miles from Fayetteville to Bethania, a Moravian village outside of Salem.  But its size contributed to its demise as a major avenue of trade.

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Inglis Fletcher’s Novels Offered Entertaining Perspective Of Early N.C. History Commentary

Maybe more so than any other novelist below the Mason-Dixon line, including the 19th-century William Gilmore Simms of South Carolina, Inglis Fletcher of North Carolina painted the most comprehensive, historical portrait of the land on which she lived.

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Food Lion Encyclopedia

A regional grocery chain and subsidiary of Belgium-based Delhaize Group, Food Lion began in 1957 as a one-store operation in Salisbury, North Carolina, under the name Food Town and the direction of Ralph W. Ketner.  After the introduction of the LFPINC concept in 1967, the grocery chain grew from seven stores to approximately 800 in 1991, the year in which Ketner retired.  Before then in 1983, the company had changed its name to Food Town.  During the early 1990s, the supermarket chain went through legal battles that curbed its exponential growth.  Under the leadership of DelHaize Group executives, the company in February 2007 employed approximately 73,000 workers in almost 1,200 stores and served nearly ten million customers in eleven states.

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Jesse Franklin (1760-1823) Encyclopedia

A Patriot during the Revolutionary War, Jesse Franklin later served his state in the House of Commons, as a state senator, as a U.S. Representative, a U.S. Senator (president pro tempore), and finally as governor of North Carolina.  Although only governor for one term, Franklin earned a reputation for being a practical, fiscal conservative. 

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Frederick Douglass Re-emerging As American Icon Commentary

During the past 30 to 40 years, historians have revived for Americans the legacy of Frederick Douglass (1818–95). Before then, his accomplishments largely had been swept up, dropped into the dustbin of history, and left out of view.

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Freedmen's Bank Encyclopedia

After the Civil War, Northern missionaries and Freedmen’s Bureau agents encouraged emancipated slaves to participate in a free-labor economy and embody middle-class values.  But the South lay in ruins.  It was difficult for many whites to rebound financially and for former slaves to find work, much less start enterprising careers.  Freedmen, however, adjusted quickly to the demands of a free-labor economy.

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Freedmen’s Bank Served Blacks in Post-Civil War Economy Commentary

After the Civil War, former slaves were encouraged to participate in a free-labor economy. But much of the South lay in ruins. It was difficult to find work, much less start enterprising careers.

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Antebellum Gold Mining (1820-1860) Encyclopedia

“The mining interest of the State is now only second to the farming interest.”  So wrote a reporter of the Western Carolinian of Salisbury in 1825.  But according to historians Richard D. Knapp and Brent D. Glass in Gold Mining in North Carolina (1999) the average Tar Heel did not fall victim to gold fever.  Nevertheless, there was enough demand by 1830 for a Charlotte-based Miners’ and Farmers’ Journal to begin publication.  

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Guy Owen's Fiction Transcends Its Rural North Carolina Settings Commentary

North Carolina native Guy Owen uses his personal experiences growing up to shape his fictional works. Owen's work is particularly regional, and in many ways local to North Carolina. But in his fiction, he transcends the rural North Carolina setting and addresses broader and more universal themes. 

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