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Town of Apex Encyclopedia

Originally named “Apex” because it was the highest point on the Chatham Railroad line between Richmond, Virginia and Jacksonville, Florida, the town of Apex still exemplifies its motto: “Peak of Good Living.”   Although a little over 30,000 people reside there, and many industries have moved to the area, Apex remains a quaint place to live.

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Averasboro (Town of) Encyclopedia

On the Cape Fear River during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, only Fayetteville's and Wilmington’s populations outnumbered Averasboro’s.  Yet population and commercial growth were not inevitable.  Only a cemetery surrounded by a grove and a Civil War museum remind anyone that the port town once existed.

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Bessemer City Encyclopedia

In the mid-1700s, Europeans looking for arable land started settling in modern-day Gaston County.  Many arrived with land grants from King George II (1683-1760) or migrated from other colonies, such as Pennsylvania and Maryland.  The area’s natural resources attracted skilled laborers, such as miners, lumberjacks, and farmers.

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Coleridge Encyclopedia


Coleridge was the home of the Enterprise Manufacturing Company, the southern most cotton mill built on Deep River. Its construction in 1882 was the final link in the chain of Randolph County’s water-powered textile industries that had begun to be forged in 1836.

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Concerned Parents Association Encyclopedia

The Concerned Parents Association (CPA) was an anti-busing protest group within the Charlotte-Mecklenburg school system. Though CPA successfully mobilized public opinion, they failed to stop the court-ordered busing. Their influence was greatly reduced after they tried—and failed—to boycott Charlotte-Mecklenburg public schools.

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Cross Creek Encyclopedia

The second largest Cape Fear River town during the eighteenth century, Cross Creek was formed in 1756,  was combined with Campbelltown in 1778, and was later named Fayetteville in 1783.  During the Revolutionary War,  the town was a hotbed of wartime activity and a home of divided loyalties.

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Fayetteville, City of Encyclopedia

A bustling, 1800s hub of trade and political activity, home to an important arsenal and center of trade during the Civil War, and home to Fort Bragg and Pope Air Force bases during the twentieth century, Fayetteville has played an important role in North Carolina history and will continue to do so.

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Federal Paper Board Company Encyclopedia

Some historians have criticized the paper and pulp companies of southeastern North Carolina for threatening the local environment.  Environmentalists have been especially concerned with the effect of the paper and pulp industry in the area known as the Green Swamp located east of Columbus in Brunswick County.  However, some paper and pulp companies have been actively involved in preserving the environment that they have used for profit.

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Alfred Johnston Fletcher (1887-1979) Encyclopedia

Alfred Johnson Fletcher, the seventh of fourteen children, was born in 1887 in the mountains of North Carolina.  After studying law at Wake Forest College, he opened a practice in Fuquay-Varina, North Carolina. His greatest achievement was the Capitol Broadcasting Company, which he created when he applied for a 250 watt AM station in 1937.  When he went on the air in 1939, he was only the second radio station in Raleigh.

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Goody's Headache Powder Encyclopedia

Like many pharmacists in 1932, Martin “Goody” Goodman compounded his own headache relief powder called “Goody’s” to sell in his local pharmacy.

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Greensboro Shootings Encyclopedia

On November 3, 1979, an armed confrontation between members of the Maoist Communist Workers Party (CWP) and several Klansmen and Nazis ended with four CWP members and one supporter being shot dead.  Three trials soon followed, and CWP survivors and their supporters claimed that their anti-establishment views incited a conspiracy to have them killed.

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Headache Powders Encyclopedia

During the early twentieth century, many Tar Heels moved to towns and urban areas to find work in mills and on railroads, while local pharmacists also began creating patent medicines. One such medicine, headache relief powders, became popular among mill and railroad workers who referred to them as “production powders.”  Pharmacists often compounded their own headache relief medicine in an easier-made powder form rather than in the more complex pill form.

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House in the Horseshoe Encyclopedia

The story of the House in the Horseshoe, and the men who fought there during an American Revolution skirmish, reveals the nature and influence of the war in the North Carolina backcountry. One of the first “big” houses built in the frontier lands of North Carolina, the House in the Horseshoe still has bullet holes from the fighting that took place in 1781.

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James City Encyclopedia

James City emerged as a haven for free black men and women in eastern North Carolina during the Civil War.  By 1865, approximately 3,000 blacks had migrated to the city, and the town thrived after the war. However, after the federal government allowed the original landowners sole ownership of James City, the black community started leaving the area. Today, nearly 700 black residents live in James City, and social organizations have sought to preserve the history of the region.

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Krispy Kreme Encyclopedia

Vernon Rudolph and his Krispy Kreme doughnuts are excellent examples of the entrepreneurial spirit that flourished in North Carolina despite the Great Depression.

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