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Education

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Annie Lowrie Alexander (1864-1929) Encyclopedia

Annie Alexander has a unique place in history: the first female licensed to practice medicine in the South. Annie was strongly influenced by her father, a physician himself, who determined that she should become a doctor after one of his female patients died after refusing medical attention out of fear of being examined by a man. When Dr. Alexander told his wife of his desire to have Annie become a doctor, Mrs. Alexander fretted over bearing the cost of medical training, only to have Annie marry and forgo a career as a physician. Dr. Alexander’s response was blunt: "She must never marry. She'll serve humanity".

 

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Asheborough Female Academy Encyclopedia

Much scholarly attention has been given to Alexander Murphy’s visions for public education in antebellum North Carolina and to the common school system in mid-nineteenth-century North Carolina; however, private schools existed in the period, too.  One such school was the Asheborough Female Academy.

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James G. Babb (1932- ) Encyclopedia

A native North Carolinian, James G. Babb was born January 1, 1932.  He graduated from Belmont Abbey College in 1959 with a degree in business and later achieved success in the communications industry.

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John H. Baker (1935-2007) Encyclopedia

John H. Baker served as North Carolina’s first African American sheriff.  He served in this office for twenty-four year and proposed one of Wake County's first charter schools.

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Hutchins G. Burton (1774-1836) Encyclopedia

A three-term governor, Hutchins G. Burton is noted for encouraging a system of public education to ensure that young North Carolinians received at least a rudimentary education.    He also served as the state’s attorney general (1810-1816) and as a U.S. House of Representative (1819-1825).

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Campbell University Encyclopedia

On January 5, 1887, James Archibald Campbell founded Buies Creek Academy, which would later become Campbell University, in a one-room school with twenty-one students.

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Central Orphanage of North Carolina Encyclopedia

Segregated orphanages in North Carolina necessitated the creation of an orphanage for dependent and neglected African American children. An idea for such an orphanage in Henderson, North Carolina was born, when Rev. Augustus Shepard, father of James Shepard the founder of North Carolina Central University, felt burdened when observing the squalid,living conditions of homeless African American children.

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Charter Schools Encyclopedia

Charter schools are an educational reform intended to bring freedom of choice to public education. This freedom allows for growth, flexibility, and innovation. The North Carolina charter school movement began in the mid-1990s and has been controversial ever since.

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Civil Rights Movement Encyclopedia

Most North Carolinians believe the Civil Rights Movement occurred strictly in the 1960s, with the start of the Sit-Ins at the Woolworth’s store in Greensboro, North Carolina.  The movement, however, began much earlier, and one can argue that its roots lay in the Civil-War period

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Abbot Walter Coggin (1916-1999) Encyclopedia

Abbot Walter Coggin, O.S.B. was a cleric, scholar, teacher, and graduate of Belmont Abbey Prep School in Belmont, North Carolina.  In his career at Belmont Abbey, Abbot Coggin coached, taught, and served as president and chancellor.

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Concerned Parents Association Encyclopedia

The Concerned Parents Association (CPA) was an anti-busing protest group within the Charlotte-Mecklenburg school system. Though CPA successfully mobilized public opinion, they failed to stop the court-ordered busing. Their influence was greatly reduced after they tried—and failed—to boycott Charlotte-Mecklenburg public schools.

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Contraband Camps Encyclopedia

Before the end of the Civil War, as Union troops occupied more and more of North Carolina during the Civil War, more and more slaves fled to Union lines to live in what were then called contraband camps.  Contrabands (freedmen) were escaped slaves from the Confederate territory into Union territory.

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Dorothy Counts (1942- ) Encyclopedia

Realizing desegregation was unavoidable, Charlotte School Board members ordered four black students to attend four non-integrated schools in the area.  Dorothy Counts, one of the four students, was assigned to Harding High School and required to report there on September 4, 1957.  While escorted by Reginald Hawkins, Counts was heckled, hissed, and spat upon while walking to the school.

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Evolution Debate in North Carolina in the 1920s Encyclopedia

In North Carolina, the debate teaching evolution became a contentious issue between religious leaders and educators. William Louis Poteat, president of Wake Forest University drew criticism from conservative critics from North Carolina and around the United States when he openly accepted the theory of evolution.

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William C. Friday (1920-2012) Encyclopedia

Serving from 1956 to 1986, William Clyde “Bill” Friday was the first and longest serving president of the University of North Carolina.  During his tenure, Friday made significant changes to North Carolina higher education including playing major roles in the formation of the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC), the development of the Research Triangle Park, and the consolidation and expansion of the state’s 16-campus system.

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