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Business and Industry

Showing results: 91 to 105 out of 120

Plantation Duty Act (1673) Encyclopedia

Although the Lord Proprietors supported the Act’s passage, many North Carolinians protested (or ignored) the new law. The Albemarle region of North Carolina offered the stiffest resistance.

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Progressive Farmer Encyclopedia

Originally devoted to agricultural issues in the Tar Heel State, the Progressive Farmer started publication in Winston, North Carolina, on February 10, 1886.  Farmer, Confederate veteran, newspaperman, and former North Carolina Commissioner of Agriculture, Leonidas L. Polk (1837-1892) founded the journal.

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Public Works Administration Encyclopedia

Established by Title II of the National Industrial Recovery Act, the Public Works Administration (PWA) was a massive U.S. government spending program aimed at improving the nation's infrastructure. Though the PWA was not vested with the sweeping powers of the National Recovery Administration, it affected nearly every county in the United States and indelibly altered North Carolina.

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Research Triangle Park Encyclopedia

During the mid-1950s, business leaders worried about North Carolina’s economic future and planned how to attract modern industries to the Tar Heel State.  They decided that RTP should be a private endeavor, with cooperation from the universities, instead of being a government-sponsored action.  Research Triangle Park (RTP) was their brainchild, and it later became one of the top five research centers in the United States.   According to historian Numan V. Bartley, RTP was the “South’s most successful high-technology venture.”

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Robert Ruark (1915-1965) Encyclopedia

Born in Wilmington, North Carolina, in 1915, Robert Ruark became one of the state’s most prominent writers during the 1940s and 1950s. A graduate of UNC-Chapel Hill, Ruark wrote for local newspapers until he moved to Washington, D.C. In the mid-1940s, Ruark gained popularity for his Washington Daily News columns, and he started writing fiction novels. His most popular work was Old Man and the Boy (1957), a semi-autobiographical work that details Ruark’s childhood with his grandfather in Southport, North Carolina.

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Richard J. Salem (1947- ) Encyclopedia

A leading lawyer in the United States, Richard J. Salem employed character, intellect, and integrity in the service to community.  Although blind, Salem quickly started practicing law, and in 1981 established the Salem Law Group concentrating on structuring business and financial transactions in North America and Europe.

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John Clarence Scarborough, Sr. (187? - 1972) Encyclopedia

Born in Kinston, J.C. Scarborough was a grocer before becoming a mortician.  His business success allowed him to start various charities in the Durham area.

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Ashley W. Smith (1850?-1928) Encyclopedia

Ashley W. Smith's greatest accomplishment may have been providing an example of what a black property owner could achieve in a small town during the late 1800s and early 1900s.

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Somerset Place Plantation Encyclopedia

Somerset Place is plantation located on the land around Lake Phelps in present-day Washington County, North Carolina. Originally part of the Lake Company’s holdings that spanned over 100,000 acres in Washington and Tyrrell Counties, the area became Somerset Place in 1816 when Josiah Collins, Sr. became sole owner of the Lake Company.  Under Collins’s grandson, Josiah Collins III, Somerset Place became one of the largest plantations in the South.  Today it is a North Carolina State Historic Site.

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Charles Clinton Spaulding (1874-1952) Encyclopedia

Charles Clinton Spaulding led the North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company from 1900 to 1952, a span during which North Carolina Mutual was the largest business owned by African-Americans. Known during his life as "Mr. Negro Business," Spaulding's success at North Carolina Mutual made Durham known as "the Black Wall Street."

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Asa Spaulding (1902-1990) Encyclopedia

Asa T. Spaulding’s educational background and achievements are significant.  In 1930, Spaulding earned a B.S. in Accounting (magna cum laude) from New York University, and in 1932 an M.A. in Mathematics and Actuarial Science from the University of Michigan.  But he also learned and achieved outside of the classroom.  For his professional accomplishments, educational institutions bestowed honorary degrees; in 1958 Spaulding received his first from Shaw University, and then from North Carolina College at Durham (1960), Morgan State College (1961), University of North Carolina (1967), and Duke University (1969).

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Stanback (headache powder) Encyclopedia

Similar to the stories concerning the creation of other headache powders, the story of Stanback headache powder began in a pharmacy.   Druggist Thomas M. (Dr. Tom) Stanback created a headache relief compound at his Thomasville pharmacy.

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State Fruit: Scuppernong Grape Encyclopedia

The first actively cultivated grape in the United States, the Scuppernong grape was named the official State Fruit by the General Assembly in 2001. The scuppernong grape was named after the Scuppernong River that runs through Tyrell and Washington counties. In 2007, The North Carolina Governor’s office reported that North Carolina ranked tenth nationally in grape and wine production, an industry worth $813 million dollars a year in North Carolina

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Roses Encyclopedia

One of the first discount store chains in the Southeastern United States, Roses was first opened in Henderson in 1915.  Founder Paul H. Rose led the company to expansive growth.  By the 1980s, there were approximately 250 in 11 different southern states. In the 1990s, competition with large chains such as Wal-Mart and K-Mart prevented Roses from increasing in size, and Variety Wholesaler’s, Inc., (another N.C. based company) bought the company in 1997.

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Tariffs Encyclopedia

Commercial restrictions through tariffs have been an integral part of American history, and Tar Heels have voiced their opinion on tariff legislation since the founding of the United States.   The federal government has used tariffs to raise revenue and protect American industry and labor.  Before the Civil War, the federal government obtained close to ninety-percent of its revenue from tariffs and avoided insituting income taxation.

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