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Civil War

Showing results: 46 to 60 out of 80

Johnston County (1746) Encyclopedia

Johnston County, established in 1746, is named in honor of Royal Governor Gabriel Johnston. Smithfield is the county's seat, and agriculture remains the strongest indicator of the area's economy. Johnston's primary historical attraction is the Bentonville Battleground State Historic State which preserves the last battlefield of the Civil War.

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Hugh Judson Kilpatrick (1836-1881) and the Carolinas Campaign Encyclopedia

Hugh Judson Kilpatrick was a Union cavalry general and the first regular Union officer injured in the Civil War. He was a headstrong and reckless leader who sought fame and often exaggerated the results of battles. He earned the nickname “Kill-cavalry” for his reckless use of his men during battle. Kilpatrick became the head of General Sherman’s cavalry and participated in the Atlanta Campaign, the March to the Sea, and the Carolinas Campaign. After the war Kilpatrick served as the US Minister to Chile, and he died in Santiago in 1881.

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Louis Froelich and Company Encyclopedia

The “Sword Maker for the Confederacy,” Louis Froelich moved his company (formerly known as the CSA Arms Factory) to Kenansville, North Carolina after a yellow epidemic epidemic struck Wilmington in 1862.  The factory produced numerous swords, utensils, and sabers for the Confederacy’s fighting forces. 

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Henry Berry Lowry (1845 - ?) Encyclopedia

Known to some as a local hero and to others as a criminal, Henry Berry Lowry and his armed band, consisting of Lumbees, African Americans and one “buckskin” Scot, fought the Home Guard during the Civil War and the Ku Klux Klan during Reconstruction.  The outlaw robbed from planters and redistributed wealth.  He mysteriously disappeared after robbing $28,000 from the sheriff’s office in 1872. 

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Augustus S. Merrimon (1830 - 1892) Encyclopedia

Born in Transylvania County, Augustus Merrimon served as a U.S. Senator from 1873 to 1879 and as Chief Justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court from 1889 until 1892. After his service in the Confederate Army, Merrimon became a state superior court judge and he was involved in the impeachment of Governor William Holden. Chief Justice Merrimon died in office on November 14, 1892.

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The Battle of Monroe's Crossroads (March 10, 1865) Encyclopedia


The Battle of Monroe’s Crossroads was a small Civil War battle that occurred on March 10, 1865 near Fayetteville. Mounted Confederate cavalry attacked an unprepared Union cavalry encampment.  The fighting lasted several hours. Although initially routed the Union soldiers rallied, counter attacked, and retook the camp.  The Battle of Monroe’s Crossroads opened the road to Fayetteville for Confederate troops, allowed Confederate forces to arrive at Fayetteville first, and provided the Confederates the time needed to cross the Cape Fear River before the arrival of the Union soldiers.

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Aaron McDuffie Moore (1863-1923) Encyclopedia

Born on September 6, 1863 to free yeoman farmer parents, Aaron McDuffie Moore used educational opportunities to improve his social condition and to better his community.

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John Motley Morehead (1796-1866) Encyclopedia

Known as the “Father of Modern North Carolina,” John Motley Morehead was the 29th governor of the Tar Heel State from 1841-1845. 

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CSS Neuse Encyclopedia

Although Confederate leadership for some time anticipated using the CSS Neuse, the ironclad’s service was short and disappointing.  Various reasons, including a manpower shortage and Union raids on construction material, delayed the ironclad’s construction.  Once it was battle and sea ready, the Neuse grounded on a sandbar during its first mission in 1864.  It was later scuttled after its second and last mission in 1865.

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North Carolina Button Factory Encyclopedia

A manufacturing company in Wilmington, the North Carolina Button Factory produced Confederate uniform buttons.  In 1861, Louis Froelich, the “Sword Maker for the Confederacy,” started working in the arms industry and gained experience that helped him establish and supervise the Confederate Arms Factory.

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Oakwood Cemetery Encyclopedia

 Oakwood Cemetery was founded in 1869 by the Raleigh Cemetery Association. The cemetery encompasses 102 acres and is Raleigh’s oldest private non-profit cemetery.

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Walter Hines Page (1855-1918) Encyclopedia

Born in Cary, North Carolina in 1855, Walter Hines Page profoundly influenced American culture in the early twentieth century during his tenure at several national periodicals, most notably The Atlantic Monthly. After rising to prominence as a journalist, Page entered public service, serving as the U.S. ambassador to the United Kingdom during the Great War.

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Peace Party (American Civil War) Encyclopedia

Since the beginning of the American Civil War, a percentage of North Carolinians were Unionists or wanted peace.  Peace advocates were not necessarily Unionist.  They did not want peace because they loved an inseparable Union; they instead reacted to wartime circumstances and formed the Peace Party to preserve an antebellum status quo.

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Stephen Dodson Ramseur (1837 - 1864) Encyclopedia


The Lincolnton native became the youngest major general to serve in Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia and earned a reputation, writes historian Douglas Southall Freeman, as “[one] of the most daring, hardest fighters in the Army.”  

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Matt W. Ransom (1826 - 1904) Encyclopedia

On October 8, 1826, Matt Whitaker Ransom was born in Warren County. After graduating from the University of North Carolina and studying law, Ransom started to practice law in his hometown. Ransom served as a general during the Civil War, after which he served in the Senate for over twenty years, becoming the president pro tempore in the 53rd Congress.

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