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Counties

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Carteret County (1722) Encyclopedia

Carteret County, North Carolina was formed in 1722 out of Craven County.  It is named in honor of Sir John Carteret, who later became the Earl of Granville and one of the Lords Proprietors of North Carolina.

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Caswell County (1777) Encyclopedia

A longstanding fixture of the northern Piedmont region, Caswell County is known for its political history and agricultural production.

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Catawba County (1842) Encyclopedia

Catawba County, named after the Catawba Nation, is situated in the Blue Ridge Mountains of North Carolina. Formed in 1842, Catawba County's distinguished landmarks and physical characteristics define the region and its historical and cultural relevance to the state.

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Chatham County (1771) Encyclopedia

Home of B. Everett Jordan Lake, the Carnivore Preservation Trust, and the famous and perplexing Devil Tramping Grounds, Chatham County was annexed from Orange County in 1771 as a result of the War of the Regulation.  Chatham County received is named after William Pitt, Earl of Chatham. He was one of the few British statesmen to defend the American colonists’ rights in Parliament prior to the Revolution.

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Cherokee County (1839) Encyclopedia

Since its charter in 1839, Cherokee County has experienced economic and demographic change.  The county's population has grown from 3,000 in 1839 to approximately 25,000.  Today, Cherokee County is a popular destination for tourists, and mountain living is a popular choice for many retirees.

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Chowan County (1681) Encyclopedia

The “cradle of the colony,” Chowan County’s history survives as a vital piece to the formation of the North Carolina colony and state.  The site of the famous Edenton Tea Party and a residence of numerous patriots, Chowan served as a centerpiece for the ensuing colonial demand for independence.  Edenton, the seat of government in Chowan, was established in 1722, and numerous homes and structures built in the eighteenth century still stand and remain a testament to the town’s and Chowan’s colonial heritage.

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Chowan County Courthouse (1767) Encyclopedia

As the oldest courthouse in North Carolina, the historic Chowan County Courthouse was constructed in 1767 in Edenton. Joseph Hewes, Samuel Johnston, and other important North Carolina Patriots used the courthouse during the 1770s and 1780s.  With the Cupola and Barker House, the Chowan County Courthouse remains an important historical structure and popular attraction in Edenton. Today, the courthouse is the oldest government building in use in the state.

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Clay County (1861) Encyclopedia

Nestled in the southwest corner of North Carolina and in the Appalachian Mountains, Clay County benefits from a bustling tourism industry centered on its landscape and historical landmarks.

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Cleveland County (1841) Encyclopedia

A southern county located in North Carolina’s piedmont area, Cleveland County was formed in 1841, and it is named after Benjamin Cleveland, leader of the victory at the decisive Battle of King’s Mountain. Gardner-Webb University is located in the county, and the city of Shelby was once home to the political machine known as the “Shelby Dynasty.”

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Columbus County (1808) Encyclopedia

Columbus County, named in honor of the famed Christopher Columbus, was established in 1808, and its seat of government, Whiteville, was formed in 1832. The Waccamaw tribe inhabited the early region before European settlement. Some important natural attractions and features of the region are Lake Waccamaw, Green Swamp, and the North Carolina Museum of Forestry.

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Craven County (1705) Encyclopedia

One of the most important early colonial counties of North Carolina, Craven County was established in 1712, and its county seat, New Bern, served as the colonial capital until 1788. The Tryon Palace Historic Site remains a popular tourist attraction in Craven County, and New Bern was the site of the first Pepsi-Cola drink ever made. Craven County was the site of the state’s first newspaper and the first charter school.

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Cumberland County (1754) Encyclopedia

Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, victor of the Battle of Culloden that ended the Jacobite Rising, is the namesake of the Coastal Region area known today as Cumberland County. Originally part of Bladen County, Cumberland County was drawn by the Colonial Legislature in 1754.

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Currituck County (1668) Encyclopedia

Founded in 1668, Currituck County was an original port for the colony of North Carolina. A northern Outer Banks county, Currituck serves as an important tourist and outdoor enthusiasts attraction, with the Currituck Lighthouse and the Whalehead Club being the most well-known historical sites. It is recognized as the home to a significant “Banker” pony population.

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Dare County (1870) Encyclopedia

Dare County, one of North Carolina’s coastal counties, has a rich history with national significance.  Named for America’s first English child, Virginia Dare, this northeastern county was originally part of the Tyrrell, Hyde, and Currituck Counties. In 1870, the North Carolina Legislature passed an act that separated Dare County to make transportation improvements as well as an increase in taxing procedures.

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Davidson County (1822) Encyclopedia

Established in 1822, Davidson County is a central, Piedmont county in North Carolina. Davidson County has a rich history that dates back to the colonial era and is known for its furniture industries.  More than a few boast about the area’s distinct barbecue style that is exhibited at the annual Lexington Barbecue Festival.

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