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Mecklenburg County (1762) Encyclopedia

Created from parts of Anson County in 1762, Mecklenburg County contains the largest city in North Carolina and was the birthplace of the eleventh President of the United States, James K. Polk.

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Mitchell County (1861) Encyclopedia

Home to the prominent crafts school, the Penland School of Crafts, Mitchell County holds an important place in North Carolina mountain culture. The county was established in 1861, and its county seat is Bakersville. Mitchell County has long remained a source of over fifty precious metals and other minerals.

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Montgomery County (1779) Encyclopedia

“The Golden Opportunity” county, Montgomery is named in honor of Revolutionary War Brigadier General Richard Montgomery. A rural and wooded region, Montgomery County’s primary attracts hunters and fishing and outdoor enthusiasts.  It is also home to much of the Uwharrie National Forest—approximately 50,000 acres.

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Moore County (1784) Encyclopedia

A border county between North Carolina’s Piedmont and Coastal Plain Regions, Moore County was established in 1784. Named after Alfred Moore, a Revolutionary War veteran and U.S. Supreme Court justice, Moore County was annexed from Cumberland County shortly after the American Revolution. Carthage, the county seat, was established in 1796.

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Nash County (1777) Encyclopedia

On the border of the Piedmont and the coastal region, Nash was incorporated in 1777.  Its namesake is General Francis Nash who died while serving the Patriot cause during the Revolutionary War. An important agricultural county, Nash County farmers grow crops ranging from tobacco to cucumbers to cotton. The first Hardee’s Restaurant opened in Nash County in 1960, and Jim Thorpe started his baseball career in the region with the Rocky Mount Railroaders.

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New Hanover County (1729) Encyclopedia

Referred to as the “Hollywood of the East” and home to the Azalea Festival, New Hanover County, although a relatively small county, has a prominent historical and cultural role in the state. Established in 1729, the county’s seat of government, Wilmington, attracts many vacationers and tourists year after year. Some important historical attractions include the Fort Fisher State Historic Site, the North Carolina Aquarium, and the U.S.S. North Carolina.

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Northampton County (1741) Encyclopedia

A northern coastal county that borders Virginia, Northampton was formed from Bertie County in 1741, and its seat of government is Jackson.  The Roanoke River meanders through the region, and the Roanoke Rapids are another interesting physical feature of the county.  The first railroad to pass through North Carolina did so in Northampton in the early 1830s, and Sir Archie, North Carolina’s finest thoroughbred, was from the region.

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Onslow County (1734) Encyclopedia

Onslow County, formed in 1734 and named after Sir Arthur Onslow, is a southern coastal county in North Carolina. Its seat of government is Jacksonville, and it is home to the largest Marine base in the world, Camp Lejeune. The first time Europeans encountered Native Americans may have occurred in Onslow County.

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Orange County (1752) Encyclopedia

Home of the University of North Carolina and several corporations in the Research Triangle Park district, Orange County holds an important place in the state’s history.  The Occaneechi originally inhabited the region in villages that lie along a bustling trade route.  Hillsborough (the seat of government), Chapel Hill, and portions of Mebane are all currently within Orange County.

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Pamlico County (1872) Encyclopedia

The Pamlico Indians resided in present-day Pamlico County before European settlers arrived in the mid-1600s. Formally established in 1872, the county’s seat is Bayboro, named for the Bay River. One important tourist attraction is the Oriental Regatta, a highly acclaimed sailboat race.

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Pasquotank County (1668) Encyclopedia

As one of North Carolina’s earliest settled counties, Pasquotank County’s expansive history and beautiful topography contribute to make this county a gem of the state’s Coastal Plains region.

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Pender County (1875) Encyclopedia

Site of first Patriot victory of the American Revolutionary War, Pender County has a unique history in North Carolina. Established in 1875, Pender’s county seat is Burgaw, and other communities include Topsail Beach, Surf City, and Rocky Point. The oldest house in North Carolina, the Sloop Point Plantation, stands in Pender County.

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Perquimans County (1668) Encyclopedia

“The land of beautiful women,” Perquimans County was once home to the Yeopim and Weapemeoc.  During the early colonial era, several rebellions occurred in the county despite the large Quaker presence within the region.  Established in 1668, Perquimans is home to the oldest colonial structure in North Carolina, and its seat of government is Hertford.

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Person County (1792) Encyclopedia

Person County was established in 1792 from Caswell County, and the county seat is Roxboro. After the Civil War, the newly constructed Norfolk and Western Railroad opened Person to the rest of the state and nation and its communities soon became homes to sizable and important manufacturers.  Within a state that has produced several national college basketball teams, Person County is the place in which, interestingly, the lowest scoring basketball game in the state’s history.

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Pitt County (1760) Encyclopedia

Named in honor of William Pitt, Earl of Chatham and proponent for colonial independence, Pitt County was part of the five county split of Beaufort County in 1760. The county is home to East Carolina University and the Greenville Museum of Art, and it is host to several annual cultural events. Greenville, the county’s seat, is named after Nathanael Greene, the famed Continental Army General.


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