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Reaching its peak in the 1940s and 1950s, poliomyelitis (polio), also known as infantile paralysis, infected and crippled hundreds of children across North Carolina. The disease terrorized the general public, and, in response, North Carolinians successfully mobilized their money and time to assist polio victims statewide. North Carolina's mandate on polio vaccines, coupled with its citizens' philanthropic efforts, played a significant role in eradicating the disease from the state's population.
Formed in 1855, the county is not named after James K. Polk. Its namesake is William Polk, a North Carolina Revolutionary War hero.
Two presidents dominated the landscape of mid-19th century America—Andrew Jackson and Abraham Lincoln. Sandwiched between them, however, was James K. Polk, a remarkable and highly effective president. Indeed, he was the only one of any stature to serve after Jackson and before Lincoln. Generally speaking, Polk is thought of as a war president; but he was more than merely a president who presided over war against a foreign country (Mexico). Polk emerged as the champion of “manifest destiny,” the belief that the United States enjoyed a special dispensation and even imperative to extend its boundaries westward, even all the way to the Pacific coast. To carry out such a mandate, providential or otherwise, Polk used war and diplomacy to push the borders across the continent to the southwest as well as the northwest. Convinced that such efforts would excite and unify the nation, he seemed unprepared for the divisions created by his bold territorial initiatives.
Polk, Leonidas Lafayette (1837-1892).
Agrarian leader, editor, and first North Carolina Commissioner of Agriculture, Leonidas L. Polk was one of the most influential figures in late nineteenth-century North Carolina.
As a U.S. Senator during Reconstruction, John Pool played a major role in establishing the Republican Party in North Carolina and implored North Carolinians to accept a moderate plan of political and social reconstruction.
A native of Randolph County, Charlie Poole grew up in Alamance County in a cotton mill village and later became one of the best banjo musicians in the Southeast and a Columbia Records superstar before his premature death. He started the country group North Carolina Ramblers and was known for his three-finger style banjo playing.
The Port Act was the tipping point that ignited revolutionary passions and talk concerning independence among North Carolinians.
A native son of Greensboro, North Carolina, George E. Preddy became one of America’s top flying aces during World War II. At the end of the war, he had the third-highest ranking among American pilots. Historians speculate that he might have emerged as the nation’s premier ace had not his plane been shot down by friendly fire on Christmas 1944.
Noted for its similarities to the Declaration of Independence, “Principles of An American Whig” (1775) was written by North Carolinian and later United States Supreme Court Justice James Iredell. The essay reveals that a budding American independence movement had been blossoming into political maturity.
Originally devoted to agricultural issues in the Tar Heel State, the Progressive Farmer started publication in Winston, North Carolina, on February 10, 1886. Farmer, Confederate veteran, newspaperman, and former North Carolina Commissioner of Agriculture, Leonidas L. Polk (1837-1892) founded the journal.
Although North Carolina’s royal governor, Josiah Martin, called the convention illegal, colonists ignored his claim and assembled in New Bern. There, the convention pledged to support the resolutions adopted by the First Continental Congress.
Pisgah Covered Bridge is the only remaining covered bridge in Randolph County and one of only two remaining covered bridges in North Carolina.
Established by Title II of the National Industrial Recovery Act, the Public Works Administration (PWA) was a massive U.S. government spending program aimed at improving the nation's infrastructure. Though the PWA was not vested with the sweeping powers of the National Recovery Administration, it affected nearly every county in the United States and indelibly altered North Carolina.